PHP 7.2.7 Released

checkdnsrr

(PHP 4, PHP 5, PHP 7)

checkdnsrrCheck DNS records corresponding to a given Internet host name or IP address

Description

bool checkdnsrr ( string $host [, string $type = "MX" ] )

Searches DNS for records of type type corresponding to host.

Parameters

host

host may either be the IP address in dotted-quad notation or the host name.

type

type may be any one of: A, MX, NS, SOA, PTR, CNAME, AAAA, A6, SRV, NAPTR, TXT or ANY.

Return Values

Returns TRUE if any records are found; returns FALSE if no records were found or if an error occurred.

Changelog

Version Description
5.3.0 This function is now available on Windows platforms.
5.2.4 TXT type was added.

Notes

Note:

For compatibility with Windows before this was implemented, then try the » PEAR class » Net_DNS.

See Also

  • dns_get_record() - Fetch DNS Resource Records associated with a hostname
  • getmxrr() - Get MX records corresponding to a given Internet host name
  • gethostbyaddr() - Get the Internet host name corresponding to a given IP address
  • gethostbyname() - Get the IPv4 address corresponding to a given Internet host name
  • gethostbynamel() - Get a list of IPv4 addresses corresponding to a given Internet host name
  • the named(8) manual page

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User Contributed Notes 4 notes

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24
Krisztin Ferenczi
4 years ago
criffoh at gmail dot com is right. Before you check domain, you must convert to ascii with idn_to_ascii function:
http://us2.php.net/manual/en/function.idn-to-ascii.php .

var_dump(checkdnsrr('ñandu.cl', 'A')); // returns false
var_dump(checkdnsrr(idn_to_ascii('ñandu.cl'), 'A')); // return true
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5
Martin
1 year ago
Important Warning:

You need to add a dot to the end of the host name to make a fully qualified domain name.

To see why, try executing the following pieces of code:

$d1="gmail.con";
$d2="gmail.con.";
$r1=checkdnsrr($d1, "MX");
$r2=checkdnsrr($d2, "MX");
var_dump($r1);
var_dump($r2);

You will see that without the dot it claims that the domain "gmail.con" is valid.

Note that if you time the "checkdnsrr()" calls you will also see it takes longer without the dot because it treats it as a relative domain and does several tries based on the host name it is running on.

NB: in case you're interested, being treated as a relative domain explains what is happening. If your host is "example.com" the relative domain will eventually resolve to "gmail.con.com." which can be looked up, hence it wrongly claims "gmail.con" exists
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8
Patrick
13 years ago
This is a little code example that will validate an email address in two ways:
- first the general syntax of the string is checked with a regular expression
- then the domain substring (after the '@') is checked using the 'checkdnsrr' function

<?php

function validate_email($email){

  
$exp = "^[a-z\'0-9]+([._-][a-z\'0-9]+)*@([a-z0-9]+([._-][a-z0-9]+))+$";

   if(
eregi($exp,$email)){

      if(
checkdnsrr(array_pop(explode("@",$email)),"MX")){
        return
true;
      }else{
        return
false;
      }

   }else{

      return
false;

   }   
}

?>
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0
criffoh at gmail dot com
4 years ago
Is not possible validate domains with 'ñ' for my country.

In my country is possible to register domain using 'ñ' character. For example:

ñandu.cl
http://nic.cl/cgi-bin/dom-CL?q=%F1andu

If I use this function to check DNS record, it return false, but the domain already exists:

var_dump(checkdnsrr('ñandu.cl', 'A')); // returns false
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